Skin Disorder: Eczema

Back to list 2020-09-11 10:35:10

Atopic Dermatitis or eczema is common in children but can occur at any age.

Eczema is a long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. Worldwide, about 20% of children and up to 3% of the adult population have some form of eczema.

What is eczema?

Eczema is a superficial dermal and epidermal inflammation caused by various internal and external factors. The aetiology is complex. It is generally believed that it has a certain relationship with allergic reaction. Clinically, pruritus is obvious.

What are the symptoms?

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. In acute stage, it is mainly papular herpes, which tends to exudate. In chronic stage, it is mainly lichenoid and easy to repeat.

How does eczema look like?

Acute eczema

Acute eczema is a primary and pleomorphic rash, usually on the basis of erythema, there are papules of the size of millet on the basis of erythema. In severe cases, there are small blisters, which are often fused into tablets. The boundary is not clear. In the periphery of the damage, the above-mentioned pleomorphic rash is gradually sparse, with severe pruritus. It often forms a punctate erosive surface due to scratching and has obvious serous exudation.

The distribution of acute eczema is often symmetrical, seen on the face, ears, hands, feet, forearms, legs and other exposed parts, serious case can expand to whole body. Conscious symptom has intense pruritus and burning sensation that can be aggravated at night with itching sensation.

Subacute eczema

After acute attack, redness, swelling and exudation are alleviated. In subacute stage, there may be papules and a small amount of papules, dark red, scales and mild infiltration. Some of them may have acute attacks or mild or severe episodes due to re exposure to allergens, improper new stimulation (triggers) or treatment, and excessive scratching. If it is not cured for a long time, it will develop into chronic eczema.

Chronic eczema

The disease can be mild and sometimes severe, lasting for several months or more.

What are the causes of eczema?

The causes and inducing factors of eczema often vary with individual factors and different stages of the disease, so it is not easy to determine.

The causes of eczema can be divided into external causes and internal causes.

External causes

Common in food, such as fish, shrimp, or by inhalation

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